Abstract. An EQmonoid $A$ is a monoid with distinguished subsemilattice $L$ with $1\in L$ and such that any $a,b\in A$ have a largest right equalizer in $L$. The class of all such monoids equipped with a binary operation that identifies this largest right equalizer is a variety. Examples include Heyting algebras, Cartesian products of monoids with zero, as well as monoids of relations and partial maps on sets. The variety is 0regular (though not ideal determined and hence congruences do not permute), and we describe the normal subobjects in terms of a global semilattice structure. We give representation theorems for several natural subvarieties in terms of Boolean algebras, Cartesian products and partial maps. The case in which the EQmonoid is assumed to be an inverse semigroup with zero is given particular attention. Finally, we define the derived category associated with a monoid having a distinguished subsemilattice containing the identity (a construction generalising the idea of a monoid category), and show that those monoids for which this derived category has equalizers in the semilattice constitute a variety of EQmonoids.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 06F05, 08A99, 08B05, 20M20
Received September 15, 2003, and in final form June 2, 2006. (Registered under 5932/2009.)
