ACTA issues

Critical branching mechanisms with immigration and Ornstein--Uhlenbeck type diffusions

M. Ispány, G. Pap, M. C. A. van Zuijlen

Acta Sci. Math. (Szeged) 71:3-4(2005), 821-850

Abstract. Inhomogeneous Galton--Watson branching mechanisms with immigration are investigated, where the offspring mean tends to its critical value, the offspring variance tends to zero, and the rates of convergences depend on time in both cases. A functional central limit theorem is proved and it is shown that the limit is an inhomogeneous Ornstein--Uhlenbeck type diffusion. The result is applied for simulation of Ornstein--Uhlenbeck type diffusions by Bernoulli trials.

AMS Subject Classification (1991): 60J80, 60J60

Received September 17, 2004, and in revised form March 30, 2005. (Registered under 5901/2009.)