
ACTA SCIENTIARUM MATHEMATICARUM (Szeged)
Sergei R. Kogalovskii

311

Abstract. The aim of the paper is to prove the following result: Given any finitely generated algebra $A$ of finite similarity type, there exists a $2$unary algebra $B$ such that $B$ is generated by any of its elements and ${\rm Con}B$ is isomorphic to ${\rm Con}A$.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 08A30
Received January 9, 1997 and in revised form August 5, 1997. (Registered under 2641/2009.)
E. Fried,
J. Sichler

1336

Abstract. The paper investigates the degree of categorical nonuniversality of the class of monounary algebras. It characterizes algebras whose endomorphisms are invertible, describes all abelian automorphism groups of monounary algebras and then represents each such group as the automorphism group by a proper class of pairwise nonisomorphic monounary algebras, and lists the isomorphism types of their commutative endomorphism monoids.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 08A60, 08A35, 08C05
Keyword(s):
monounary algebra,
endomorphism monoid,
automorphism group
Received June 16, 1997 and in revised form September 4, 1997. (Registered under 2642/2009.)
YongGao Chen,
Chungang Ji

3748

Abstract. Let $F_{p,t} (n)$ denote the number of the coefficients of $(x_1 + x_2 +\cdots + x_t)^j$, $0\le j\le n1$, which are not divisible by the prime $p$. Then we have $\alpha(p,t) = \limsup F_{p,t} (n)/n^\theta =1$, and $\beta(p,t)=\liminf F_{p,t} (n) /n^\theta $ can be calculated to a given precision, where $\theta = \log{p+t1\choose t} \big/ \log p$.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 11A63, 11K16
Received October 28, 1997 and in revised form January 26, 1998. (Registered under 2643/2009.)
János Fehér,
Imre Kátai,
Bui Minh Phong

4957

Abstract. It is proved that if $f,g\colon{\msbm N}\to\{0,1\} $ are completely multiplicative functions such that $g(an+b)=f(n)$ is satisfied for some positive coprime integers $a$, $b$ and for every positive integer $n$, furthermore $g(p)=0$ for all primes $p b$, then $f(n)=1$ iff $(n,b)=1$ and $g(n)=1$ for $(n,ab)=1$, $g(n)=0$ for $(n,b)>1$.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 11N64, 11N69
Received November 18, 1996 and in revised form November 5, 1997. (Registered under 2644/2009.)
Abstract. The theorem we prove in this paper provides a unified and elementary method to prove various density theorems independent of the wellknown Lebesgue density theorem, but including density theorems like the hearts density theorem by Aversa and Preiss.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 26A24, 26A99
Received March 3, 1997 and in revised form September 18, 1997. (Registered under 2645/2009.)
Wolfgang Luh,
Valeri A. Martirosian,
Jürgen Müller

6779

Abstract. A function $\varphi $ is called Tuniversal on an open set ${\cal O} \subset{\msbm C}$ if $\varphi $ is holomorphic on ${\cal O}$ and satisfies the following properties. For all compact sets $K$ with connected complement, for all functions $f$ which are continuous on $K$ and holomorphic in its interior and for all $\zeta\in \partial{\cal O}$ there exists a sequence $\{(a_n, b_n)\} $ in ${\msbm C}^2$ with $a_n z + b_n \in{\cal O}$ for all $z \in K$ and all $n \in{\msbm N}$, such that $\{a_n z + b_n\} $ converges to $\zeta $ and $\{\varphi(a_n z + b_n)\} $ converges to $f (z)$ uniformly on $K$. The existence of Tuniversal functions is proved for open sets ${\cal O}$ with simply connected components. If ${\cal O}$ contains the origin, then $\varphi $ can be chosen with a lacunary power series $\varphi(z) = \sum ^\infty_{\nu = 0} \varphi_\nu z^\nu $, where $\varphi_\nu = 0$ for $\nu\not\in Q$ with a certain prescribed set $Q \subset{\msbm N}_0$.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 30B10, 30E10, 30B60
Received April 23, 1997 and in revised form September 4, 1997. (Registered under 2646/2009.)
Dušan R. Georgijević

8196

Abstract. This paper is devoted to the problems of recapturing a Pick function from its radial boundary values and (estimates of) radial derivatives at points of a finite subset of ${\msbm R}$ and from (estimates of) its radial residues at points of another finite subset of ${\msbm R}$. Necessary and sufficient conditions for solvability of these problems are established, in terms of nonnegativity and rank of the Pick matrix.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 30E05, 46E22
Received April 2, 1997 and in revised form June 18, 1997. (Registered under 2647/2009.)
Romeo Meštrović,
Žarko Pavićević

97102

Abstract. Szegő's theorem gives an explicit expression for the infinum of weighted $L^p$norms over the circle for normalized analytic functions on the disc. The main result of the paper gives, in terms of the metrics on the Smirnov class $N^+$ and the classes $N^p$ $(1< p< \infty )$, the logarithmic version of Szegő's theorem.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 30H05, 46J15
Received October 13, 1997. (Registered under 2648/2009.)
Abstract. We propose a new method to prove the strong asymptotic stability of isotropic elasticity systems with internal damping. Unlike the earlier works, our method also applies in the case of feedbacks with no growth assumptions at the origin.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 35B40, 93D15
Received January 27, 1997. (Registered under 2649/2009.)
Abstract. In this paper, we study the observability, the controllability and the boundary stabilizability of the linear elasticity systems. This work extends to nonisotropic systems with variable coefficients, the observability and exact controllability results for isotropic elastodynamic systems obtained by J.L. Lions in 1988, the uniform stabilizability results for twodimensional isotropic systems obtained by J. E. Lagnese in 1991 and the results obtained by Alabau and Komornik [1].
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 35L55, 35Q72, 93B05, 93B07, 93C20, 93D15
Keyword(s):
Observability,
controllability,
stabilization by feedback,
partial differential equation,
elasticity
Received March 24, 1997 and in revised form September 25, 1997. (Registered under 2650/2009.)
Abstract. We consider homogenization of sequences of integral functionals with natural growth conditions. Some new bounds for the corresponding homogenized integrand are proved and discussed. These bounds are compared with the nonlinear bounds of Wiener and HashinShtrikman type. We also point out conditions that make our bounds sharp.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 35Q35, 35J20
Received March 24, 1997. (Registered under 2651/2009.)
David Borwein,
Werner Kratz

143149

Abstract. We prove a Tauberian theorem concerning the summability method $D_{\lambda,a}$ based on the Dirichlet series $\sum a_ne^{\lambda_nx}$ with $a_{n+1}\sim a_n>0$ when the sequence $(\lambda_n)$ satisfies the `high indices' condition $\lambda_{n+1}>c\lambda_n\ge0$ with any $c>1.$
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 40E05, 40G99
Keyword(s):
Tauberian,
Dirichlet series methods,
high indices
Received June 20, 1997. (Registered under 2652/2009.)
E. Malkowsky,
V. Rakočević

151170

Abstract. In this paper we investigate linear operators between certain sequence spaces $X$ and $Y$. Among other things, if $X$ is any $p$normed space and $Y = w_0^1, w^1, w_{\infty }^1, c_0(\mu ), c(\mu )$, or $c_{\infty }(\mu )$ we find necessary and sufficient conditions for $A$ to map $X$ into $Y$. Then the Hausdorff measure of noncompactness is applied to give necessary and sufficient conditions for $A$ to be a compact operator.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 40H05, 46A45, 47B07
Keyword(s):
BK spaces,
bases,
matrix transformations,
measure of noncompactness
Received February 28, 1997 and in revised form October 20, 1997. (Registered under 2653/2009.)
I. Joó,
E. Liflyand

171181

Abstract. Alexits' theorem is generalized to the case of $L^\infty $ space on the real line. Known results were obtained under additional restrictive assumptions. We avoid these by introducing a new analog of conjugate function.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 42A38
Keyword(s):
Alexits' theorem,
Fourier transform,
Hilbert transform,
conjugate function,
Lipschitz classes
Received July 17, 1997 and in revised form November 12, 1997. (Registered under 2654/2009.)
Abstract. We consider sublinear operators defined on (dyadic) martingales and give sufficient conditions for them to be bounded from the dyadic Hardy space $ H^p $ to itself. Especially, multiplier operators and their transforms will be considered from $ H^p $ to $ H^p $ for some "powers" $ p $. As a consequence we obtain that for these $ p $'s the space $ H^p $ can be characterized by means of the socalled Sunouchi operator $U$. Namely, a martingale $f$ belongs to $H^p$ ($1/2< p\leq1$, $Sf=0$) if and only if $Uf\in L^p $. Furthermore, $\f\_{H^p}\sim\Uf\_p $.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 42C10, 42B15, 43A75, 60G42
Received April 24, 1997 and in revised form September 1, 1997. (Registered under 2655/2009.)
Abstract. Our goal is to show that the dyadic Cesàro operator is bounded on $L^p[0,1)$ $(1\le p< \infty )$ and on the dyadic Hardy space $H^1[0,1)$ and isn't bounded on the spaces VMO and on $L^\infty[0,1)$. Due to the duality we can easily discuss the boundedness of the Copson operator, which is the adjoint operator of the Cesàro operator. The boundedness of the Cesàro operator on $L^p$ $(1\le p< \infty )$ and on the Hardy space has been already examined for the trigonometric system (see [6] and [3]).
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 42C10, 42B30
Received May 20, 1997 and in revised form September 23, 1997. (Registered under 2656/2009.)
Abstract. Asymptotics is obtained for the Lebesgue constants of the Cesàro means of spherical harmonic expansions. Precise constant in the main term is found and the order of growth of the remainder term is given.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 42C10, 43A90, 33D55, 442B08
Received March 17, 1997 and in revised form June 9, 1997. (Registered under 2657/2009.)
Sergei Alexandrovich Kirillov

223230

Abstract. Two theorems are proved extending a wellknown Paley theorem for orthonormal systems $\{\varphi_n\} $ on the unit interval $[0,1]$ such that $\varphi_n\in{\rm BMO}$.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 46E35, 26A15
Received July 9, 1997 and in revised form December 10, 1997. (Registered under 2658/2009.)
Chun Lan Jiang,
Kuen Yu Guo

231248

Abstract. It is shown that given a cohyponormal and quasitriangular operator $T$ with connected spectrum, there exists a compact $K$ such that $T+K$ is strongly irreducible. Using the above result, we prove that every analytic {\it Toeplitz operator} on Bergman space $L_a^2({\cal B}_{n}, dv)$ is the sum of a strongly irreducible Toeplitz operator and a Berezin perturbation, where ${\cal B}_{n}$ is the unite ball of complex ndimensional space and $n\geq1$.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 47A10, 47A55, 47A58
Keyword(s):
hyponormal operaters,
Berezin perturbation,
Strongly irreducible operator
Received July 7, 1997 and in revised form November 14, 1997. (Registered under 2659/2009.)
Abstract. Given a $p$hyponormal operator $(0< p< 1/2)$ $T$ on a Hilbert space, define operators $\hat T$ and $\tilde T$ by $\hat T= T ^{1/2}U T ^{1/2}$ and $\tilde T= \hat T ^{1/2}V \hat T ^{1/2}$, where the partial isometries $U$ and $V$ are as in the polar decompositions $T=U T $ and $\hat T=V \hat T $. The operator $\tilde T$ is then hyponormal. We show that $T$ has a nontrivial invariant subspace if and only if $\tilde T$ does, and that if $T$ does not have a nontrivial invariant subspace, then $T$ is the compact perturbation of a normal operator. We also consider upper triangular operators with $p$hyponormal entries along the main diagonal.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 47A15, 47B20
Keyword(s):
p,
hyponormal operator,
invariant subspace,
compact perturbation
Received May 6, 1997. (Registered under 2660/2009.)
Slaviša V. Djordjević,
Dragan S. Djordjević

259269

Abstract. We consider various Weyl's theorems in connection with the continuity of the reduced minimum modulus, Weyl spectrum, Browder spectrum, essential approximate point spectrum and Browder essential approximate point spectrum. If $H$ is a Hilbert space, and $T\in B(H)$ is a quasihyponormal operator, we prove the spectral mapping theorem for the essential approximate point spectrum and for arbitrary analytic function, defined on some neighbourhood of $\sigma(T)$. Also, if $T^*$ is quasihyponormal, we prove that the $a$Weyl's theorem holds for $T$.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 47A53, 47B20
Keyword(s):
SemiFredholm operators,
essential spectra,
Weyl's theorems,
spectral continuity,
quasihyponormal operators
Received August 15, 1996 and in revised form October 29, 1997. (Registered under 2661/2009.)
Muneo Cho,
Tadasi Huruya,
Masuo Itoh

271279

Abstract. The purpose of this paper is to introduce characteristic functions of $p$hyponormal operators and give a solution of the RiemannHilbert problem for these functions.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 47B20
Received July 1, 1997 and in revised form March 3, 1998. (Registered under 2662/2009.)
Mónika Bagota,
Ferenc Móricz

281291

Abstract. We consider the Riemann means of double Fourier series of functions belonging to one of the Hardy spaces $H^{(1,0)} ({\msbm T}^2)$, $H^{(0,1)} ({\msbm T}^2)$, or $H^{(1,1)} ({\msbm T}^2)$, where ${\msbm T}^2 := [\pi, \pi ) \times[\pi, \pi )$ is the twodimensional torus. We prove that the maximal Riemann operator is bounded from $H^{(1,0)} ({\msbm T}^2)$ or $H^{(0,1)} ({\msbm T}^2)$ into weak$L^1({\msbm T}^2)$, and conjecture that it is bounded from $H^{(1,1)}({\msbm T}^2)$ into $L^1({\msbm T}^2)$. As corollaries, we obtain analogous results on the maximal conjugate Riemann operators, as well as we deduce the pointwise convergence of both the Riemann and the conjugate Riemann means almost everywhere.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 47B38, 42A50, 42B08
Received March 24, 1997 and in revised form December 3, 1997. (Registered under 2663/2009.)
Abstract. We prove a fixed point theorem (Theorem 1 below) for continuous quasimonotone increasing mappings in Banach spaces which are ordered by a regular solid cone.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 47H10
Received August 4, 1997. (Registered under 2664/2009.)
Abstract. This is a second part of a paper that makes a continuation of our paper "Equivalence of shape fibrations and approximate fibrations" which also explores further some basic properties of shape and approximate fibrations of arbitrary topological spaces using relations. Our method is again to use relations with smaller and smaller images of points. The paper is selfreliant and does not require extensive knowledge of relations.
AMS Subject Classification
(1991): 55R65, 54C60, 54C56, 55P55, 55R05, 55M10, 55M15
Keyword(s):
fibration,
approximate {fibration},
{shape} {fibration},
relation,
product,
composition,
restriction,
dense,
{P},
{embedded},
almost unique path lifting,
stable,
bundle
Received March 10, 1997. (Registered under 2665/2009.)

325349
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