ACTA issues

Real normal operators and Williamson's normal form

B. V. Rajarama Bhat, Tiju Cherian John

Acta Sci. Math. (Szeged) 85:3-4(2019), 507-518

Abstract. A simple proof is provided to show that any bounded normal operator on a real Hilbert space is orthogonally equivalent to its transpose (adjoint). A structure theorem for invertible skew-symmetric operators, which is analogous to the finite-dimensional situation, is also proved using elementary techniques. The second result is used to establish the main theorem of this article, which is a generalization of Williamson's normal form for bounded positive operators on infinite-dimensional separable Hilbert spaces. This has applications in the study of infinite mode Gaussian states.

DOI: 10.14232/actasm-018-570-5

AMS Subject Classification (1991): 47B15

Keyword(s): spectral theorem, real normal operator, Williamson's normal form, infinite mode quantum systems

Received August 3, 2018 and in final form November 22, 2018. (Registered under 70/2018.)